How to Get a Medical Patent

Rich Goldstein

Founder & Principal Patent Attorney
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In the rapidly evolving field of medicine, groundbreaking innovations are constantly emerging, driven by the pursuit of improved healthcare solutions. Learning how to get a medical patent is vital for inventors looking to protect their novel medical devices, pharmaceuticals, or treatment methods.

In this article, we provide a comprehensive guide that outlines the essential steps and considerations involved in obtaining a medical patent, empowering innovators to navigate the complex world of intellectual property and bring their medical breakthroughs to life.

How to Get a Medical Patent

To get a medical patent, conduct a thorough prior art search to ensure your invention is novel and non-obvious. Next, prepare a detailed patent application that includes a clear and concise description of your medical innovation, its unique features, and its potential benefits. Include supporting documents, such as drawings or experimental data, to strengthen your application.

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Filing the patent application with the relevant patent office is the next step. Consider engaging a qualified patent attorney specializing in medical patents to navigate the intricate process and ensure compliance with the specific requirements. Pay the necessary filing fees and respond promptly to any correspondence from the patent office to expedite the examination process.

During the examination, the patent office will assess the patentability of your medical invention. In this process, ensure you follow the following tips:

  • Address objections or rejections
  • Respond with well-reasoned arguments and amendments, if needed
  • Pay issuance fees upon approval
  • Maintain the patent by paying regular maintenance fees for its maximum term

What Criteria Must I Meet to Get a Medical Patent?

To successfully file a patent application, your medical inventions need to be novel, meaning they are entirely new and distinct from prior inventions that exist already. Additionally, the invention must be non-obvious, meaning that someone with similar skills in a relevant field cannot easily make it. Some medical devices can also be eligible for design patents, which safeguard their ornamental design, such as their unique configuration, size, and shape.

What Is a Provisional Patent?

Some applicants choose a provisional patent, a cost-effective approach that offers protection up to a year before filing a full (non-provisional) patent. This grants inventors valuable time to test and refine their inventions before getting complete patent protection. Provisional patents apply to utility patents but are not available for design patents. If given a provisional patent, you can use the phrase “Patent Pending” associated with their invention.

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How to File a Medical Device Patent Application

  1. Find the right partner: Partnering with a legal expert immensely benefits the medical device patenting process. Their expertise can provide valuable support in getting your patent, and it helps to ensure you don’t miss any critical steps.
  2. Do an initial search: A lawyer can help you thoroughly search for existing patents similar to yours. This proves how novel and unique your medical device invention is.
  3. Begin the medical device patent application: Gather all the necessary documentation to write a robust patent application for your medical device. This step may seem intimidating, but a lawyer can help. This step includes writing detailed descriptions, drawings, and claims that explain the scope of your invention.
  4. Apply: File your medical patent application with the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). Ensure you follow the specific submission guidelines and pay any fees–your patent attorney will help you understand what’s required.
  5. Request patent examination: After submitting your application, request an examination of your patent to initiate the review process.
  6. Examiner’s search and evaluation: The patent examiner searches prior publications and studies your application, determining the patentability of your invention.
  7. Application approval or objection: Your patent application may be approved or objected to based on the above evaluation. If approved, you move on to the next steps. If objected, you need to address the examiner’s concerns.
  8. Respond to objections: If your application is objected to, your patent lawyer will carefully respond to the examiner’s concerns and fix your application accordingly. This is your chance to clarify any concerns the examiner raises, so be sure to do so with the supervision of a lawyer.
  9. Review and re-evaluation: After responding to all the examiner’s amendments, they will re-evaluate for patent approval consideration, and either approve it or ask for further amendments.
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Related Questions

How Much Does a Medical Patent Cost?

The cost of obtaining a medical device patent can vary depending on factors such as filing fees and attorney fees. Filing fees range from a few hundred to a few thousand dollars, while attorney fees depend on complexity and expertise.

Additional expenses may include prior art searches, drafting the application, responding to office actions, and maintenance fees. It is advisable to consult a patent attorney to assess specific costs related to your invention and navigate the process efficiently while managing expenses effectively.

How Long Does It Take To Get a Medical Patent?

The time to obtain a patent for a medical device can vary depending on several factors. On average, the process takes around two to three years. Still, it can be longer due to factors like backlog at the patent office, the complexity of the invention, and potential objections or rejections during the examination.


Working with a specialized patent firm like Goldstein Patent Law can expedite the process. Our experienced attorneys provide comprehensive services, including conducting prior art searches, preparing robust patent applications, responding to office actions, and navigating the examination process. We strive to secure your medical device patent efficiently while ensuring maximum protection for your innovation.

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